1121-21 NY Times Crossword 21 Nov 21, Sunday

Constructed by: Adam Wagner
Edited by: Will Shortz

Today’s Theme Screen Sharing

Themed answers are PICTURES starring actors cited in the clues. There’s a second PICTURE starring the same actor spelled out by letters circled IN the first PICTURE:

  • 116A Modern tech feature for watching two programs on one screen … or an alternative title for this puzzle : PICTURE-IN-PICTURE
  • 23A Salma Hayek: 1996, 2002 : FROM DUSK TILL DAWN (hiding “FRIDA”)
  • 31A Dev Patel: 2008, 2016 : SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE (hiding “LION”)
  • 50A Brad Pitt: 2001, 1995 : OCEAN’S ELEVEN (hiding “SEVEN”)
  • 68A Owen Wilson: 2005, 2006 : WEDDING CRASHERS (hiding “CARS”)
  • 86A Joaquin Phoenix: 2014, 2013 : INHERENT VICE (hiding “HER”)
  • 102A Al Pacino and Robert De Niro: 1974, 1995 (twice!) : THE GODFATHER PART II (hiding “HEAT”, twice!)

Bill’s time: 21m 06s

Bill’s errors: 0

Today’s Wiki-est Amazonian Googlies

Across

8 Get on the stick? : POGO

What we know today as a pogo stick was invented in Germany by Max Pohlig and Ernst Gottschall. The name “pogo” comes from the first two letters in each of the inventors’ family names: Po-hlig and Go-ttschall.

15 Arm of the Dept. of Homeland Security : FEMA

Federal emergency management has been structured for over 200 years, but what we know today as the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was created in 1979 in an Executive Order issued by President Jimmy Carter.

23 Salma Hayek: 1996, 2002 : FROM DUSK TILL DAWN (hiding “FRIDA”)

“From Dusk till Dawn” is a Quentin Tarantino horror movie. I rarely do Tarantino, and I never do horror. So, no idea …

Frida Kahlo was a Mexican painter famous for her self-portraits. She was married to the equally famous artist Diego Rivera. Kahlo was portrayed by actress Salma Hayek in a film about her colorful life called “Frida” released in 2002.

Salma Hayek is a Mexican actress. Hayek was the first Mexican national to be nominated for a Best Actress Oscar, earning that nomination with her portrayal of artist Frida Kahlo in the 2002 movie “Frida”.

27 Driven, say : TYPE-A

The Type-A and Type-B personality theory originated in the fifties. Back then, individuals were labelled as Type A in order to emphasize a perceived increased risk of heart disease. Type-A personality types are so-called “stress junkies”, whereas Type Bs are relaxed and laid back. But there doesn’t seem to be much scientific evidence to support the linkage between the Type-A personality and heart problems.

28 “___ Flux” (onetime sci-fi series) : AEON

“Æon Flux” is an animated science-fiction television show that originally aired on MTV in the nineties. The TV show inspired a 2005 movie of the same name that starred Charlize Theron in the title role.

29 Yellow belly? : ELLS

The belly/center of the word “yellow” is a pair of letters L (ells).

30 Pair in gossip : ITEM

An unmarried couple known to be involved with each other might appear in the gossip columns. This appearance as “an item” in the papers, led to the use of “item” to refer to such a couple, but only since the very early seventies.

31 Dev Patel: 2008, 2016 : SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE (hiding “LION”)

The brilliant film “Slumdog Millionaire” is a screen adaptation of a 2005 novel by Indian author Vikas Swarup. A low-budget movie, it ended up winning eight Oscars in 2008. I reckon it turned a profit …

“Lion” is a 2016 film based on the autobiographical book “A Long Way Home” by Saroo Brierley. Brierley is an Indian-born Australian who was accidentally separated from his mother when he was 5 years old, ending up stranded on a train that took the young boy nearly 1,500 km from his home. The excellent film adaptation stars Dev Patel as the older Brierley, who searches for his birth-family. Excellent movie …

Dev Patel is an actor from Harrow in England who is perhaps best known for playing the lead in the hit movie “Slumdog Millionaire”. He also stars in a lovely 2012 film called “The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel” alongside an incredible cast that included Judi Dench, Bill Nighy, Maggie Smith and Tom Wilkinson. Patel also had a regular role in the marvelous HBO drama series called “The Newsroom”.

40 Quail : bevy :: ___ : parliament : OWL

Here are some colorful collective nouns:

  • A pride of lions
  • A shrewdness of apes
  • A cloud of bats
  • A bench of bishops
  • A clowder of cats
  • A waddling of ducks
  • An army of frogs
  • A knot of toads

41 Liechtensteiner’s currency : FRANC

Liechtenstein is a tiny European country with an area of just over 61 square miles that is located in the Alps between Switzerland and Austria. It is one of only two doubly-landlocked nations in the world, the other being Uzbekistan. Liechtenstein has the highest gross domestic product per person in the world. The country is a winter sports haven attracting lots of visitors, and is also a tax haven with a strong financial center. There are actually more registered companies in Liechtenstein than there are citizens!

Not only is the Swiss Franc legal tender in Switzerland, it is also the money used in Liechtenstein and the Italian exclave of Campione d’Italia.

45 Equipment used to play the oldest organized sport in North America : CROSSE

A lacrosse stick is also known as a crosse.

Lacrosse is a game very much associated with the cultural tradition of the Iroquois people, and may have originated as early as the 12th century. The original games lasted all day long, and perhaps for two or three days, and were played as part of a ceremonial ritual. In the native language, the activity was referred to as “the Creator’s Game”. It was French Jesuit missionaries who coined the name “lacrosse”. In French, a “crosse” is a “stick with a curved end”.

50 Brad Pitt: 2001, 1995 : OCEAN’S ELEVEN (hiding “SEVEN”)

“Ocean’s 11” is a great film from 1960, starring Frank Sinatra as Danny Ocean. The original storyline is updated for the excellent 2001 remake, with George Clooney playing the lead. In the 1960 movie, the love interest is a character called Beatrice Ocean, played by Angie Dickinson. In the 2001 version, the love interest gets a new name, Tess Ocean, and is played by Julia Roberts. The 2001 remake (titled “Ocean’s Eleven”, note the spelling) spawned two sequels: “Ocean’s Twelve” in 2004 and “Ocean’s Thirteen” in 2007.

The 1995 film “Seven” is a crime thriller starring Brad Pitt and Morgan Freeman as two detectives tasked with tracking down a serial killer. The bad guy, played by Kevin Spacey, engages in thematic murder, basing each killing on one of the seven deadly sins. I hear that critics and audiences liked this one, but also that it is pretty brutal.

Brad Pitt’s first major role was the cowboy hitchhiker in the 1991’s “Thelma and Louise”. Pitt’s life offscreen garners as much attention as his work onscreen, it seems. The tabloids revel in the series of high-profile relationships in which he has been involved. He was engaged to Gwyneth Paltrow for a while, married to Jennifer Aniston and then to Angelina Jolie.

56 Texter’s “I think …” : IMO …

In my opinion (IMO)

57 Catherine of “Schitt’s Creek” : O’HARA

Catherine O’Hara is an actress and comedienne from Toronto, Ontario. One of O’Hara’s more famous film roles is Kevin’s mother in the Christmas classic “Home Alone”. She also plays a lead character in the excellent sitcom “Schitt’s Creek” alongside Eugen Levy.

59 Broadband inits. : DSL

The initialism “DSL” originally stood for Digital Subscriber Loop, but is now accepted to mean (Asymmetric) Digital Subscriber Line. It is a technology that allows Internet service to be delivered down the same telephone line as voice service, by separating the two into different frequency signals.

In Internet terms, the word “broadband” is used to describe Internet access that is faster than dialup. In more broad (pun!) telecommunication terms, “broadband” is used to describe “bandwidth” data transmission that is “broad” enough to carry several signals and several different types of traffic at the same time.

66 When tripled, playful onomatopoeia for shooting laser beams : PEW

Onomatopoeia is the naming of something by vocally imitating the sound associated with it. Examples of onomatopoeia are “chirp”, “clash”, “click” and “hiccups”.

68 Owen Wilson: 2005, 2006 : WEDDING CRASHERS (hiding “CARS”)

Not only does the 2005 romantic comedy “Wedding Crashers” star Owen Wilson and Vince Vaughan, but if you rent it you’ll see cameos from Democratic pundit James Carville, and Republican Senator John McCain.

“Cars” is a 2006 animated feature from Pixar. The great cast of voice actors includes Paul Newman in his last movie role before he passed away in 2008.

Actor Owen Wilson was nominated for an Oscar, but not for his acting. He was nominated for co-writing the screenplay for “The Royal Tenenbaums” along with Wes Anderson.

71 Baseless rumors : CANARDS

“Canard” is the French word for “duck”. We use the term to describe a hoax or a misleading rumor. This usage comes from a phrase used in French that translates as “to half-sell a duck”, meaning “to cheat”.

74 The lowest número primo : DOS

In Spanish, the lowest “número primo” (prime number) is “dos” (two).

79 It’s at the beginning of this clue : SHORT I

The first letter in the word “it’s” is a short letter I.

80 Noted fashion monogram : YSL

Yves Saint Laurent (YSL)

82 “Sunrise” singer Jones : NORAH

The beguiling Norah Jones is the daughter of famed sitar virtuoso Ravi Shankar, and is one of my favorite singers. If you haven’t heard Jones singing her song “Come Away with Me”, you just haven’t lived …

83 Focus of some smartphone updates : IOS

iOS is what Apple now calls its mobile operating system. Previously, it was known as iPhone OS.

86 Joaquin Phoenix: 2014, 2013 : INHERENT VICE (hiding “HER”)

“Inherent Vice” is a 2014 crime film that is based on a 2009 novel of the same name by Thomas Pynchon. Although it did not get a wide release in theaters, “Inherent Vice” was a favorite of the critics. Set in 1970, the movie stars Joaquin Phoenix as a pretty inept private eye who is also a hippie and stoner.

2003’s “Her” is a rather unusual film. It stars Joaquin Phoenix as a man who develops a relationship with a computer operating system called “Samantha”, which is voiced by Scarlett Johansson.

Actor Joaquin Phoenix is the brother of actress Summer Phoenix and of the late River Phoenix, who was also an actor. In 2020, Jaoquin and his partner, actress Rooney Mara, had a son whom they named “River” after his deceased uncle.

89 Problems with phonograph records : SKIPS

Famously, Thomas Edison invented the phonograph in 1877, which was a device that recorded sound onto wax phonograph cylinders. The flat disc phonograph record was developed by Emile Berliner, a German-born American inventor. Berliner called his flat disc record player a “gramophone”, and started selling Berliner Gramophone records in 1894.

92 Contents of college blue books : ESSAYS

“Blue book exam” is a term used for a test given at many colleges in the US. Blue book exams usually involve the writing of essays. The first blue book exams were administered by Butler University in Indianapolis, and the “blue” was chosen because Butler’s school colors are blue and white. The color blue is still commonly used regardless of which school is giving the test, although other colors can be used.

94 Early online forum that popularized terms like “FAQ” and “spam” : USENET

Remember the good old days, when you read messages online in “newsgroups”? Well, that system of aggregating public messages is known as Usenet, and it’s still around today. Usenet started operating in 1980, some ten years before the World Wide Web was introduced (which system has displaced Usenet in terms of popularity). Usenet definitely played a significant part in the history of the Internet. For instance, the terms “FAQ” and “spam” were both born on Usenet.

97 Some dolls sold in a Universal Studios gift shop : ETS

1982’s classic science fiction movie “E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial” was directed by Steven Spielberg. The idea behind the film came from Spielberg himself, and the character E.T. was based on an imaginary friend that he conjured up as a child after his parents divorced in 1960.

98 When “Alexander Hamilton” is sung in “Hamilton” : ACT I

“Hamilton” is a 2015 musical based on the life of US Founding Father Alexander Hamilton, as described in the 2004 biography by Ron Chernow. The show opened off-Broadway in February 2015, and transferred to Broadway in August of the same year. Advance ticket sales for the Broadway production were unprecedented, and reportedly amounted to $30 million. The representations of the main characters are decidedly ground-breaking. The show is rooted in hip-hop and the main roles such as Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson and George Washington are all played by African-American and Hispanic actors.

101 Mathematician Lovelace : ADA

Ada Lovelace’s real name and title was Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace. She was the only legitimate child of Lord Byron, the poet. Lovelace was fascinated by mathematics and wrote about the work done by Charles Babbage in building his groundbreaking mechanical computer. In some of her notes, she proposed an algorithm for Babbage’s machine to compute Bernoulli numbers. This algorithm is recognized by many as the world’s first computer program and so Lovelace is sometimes called the first “computer programmer”. There is a computer language called “Ada” that was named in her honor. The Ada language was developed from 1977 to 1983 for the US Department of Defense.

102 Al Pacino and Robert De Niro: 1974, 1995 (twice!) : THE GODFATHER PART II (hiding “HEAT”, twice!)

“The Godfather” series of films is based on “The Godfather” novel by Mario Puzo, first published in 1969. Francis Ford Coppola worked with Puzo in partnership to adapt his novel into the screenplay for the first film, and to write the screenplays for the two sequels. Coppola holds that there are really only two films in “The Godfather” series, with “The Godfather Part III” actually being the epilogue.

“Heat” is a 1995 action movie starring Al Pacino, Robert De Niro and Val Kilmer. De Niro plays an LAPD detective on the trail of a big-time thief played by Al Pacino. The storyline is based on the real-world interactions between Chicago cop Chuck Adamson and ex-Alcatraz inmate Neil McCauley.

Al Pacino seems to be best known for playing characters on both sides of the law. Pacino’s big break in the movies came when he played Michael Corleone in “The Godfather”, a role that grew for him as the series of films progressed. But his Oscar-winning role was that of a blind ex-military officer in “Scent of a Woman”.

Robert De Niro is noted for his longtime and highly successful collaboration with the director Martin Scorsese, in such films as “Taxi Driver” (1976), “Raging Bull” (1980), “Goodfellas” (1990) and “Casino” (1995). De Niro is also noted for his commitment as a method actor. Famously, he gained a full 60 pounds in order to play Jake Lamotta in “Raging Bull”.

108 Brother of 99-Down : ABEL
99D Brother of 108-Across : CAIN

The story of Cain and Abel not only appears in the Christian and Hebrew Bibles, it also features in the Qur’an. In the Muslim account the brothers are named Qabil and Habil.

109 Ramirez of “Grey’s Anatomy” : SARA

Sara Ramirez is a Mexican-American actress known for playing Callie Torres in “Grey’s Anatomy”. In 2005, Ramirez won a Tony Award for originating the role of Lady of the Lake in the “Spamalot” on Broadway.

110 Historic trade ally of the Monacan people : ERIE

The Erie people lived on lands south of Lake Erie, in parts of the modern-day US states of New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. The Erie were sometimes referred to as the Cat Nation, a reference to the mountain lions that were ever-present in the area that they lived. The name “Erie” is a shortened form of “Erielhonan” meaning “long tail”, possibly a further reference to the mountain lion or cat, which was possibly used as a totem. The Erie people gave their name to the Great Lake.

111 Dark yellow shade : TOPAZ

Topaz is a semiprecious stone made from silicate containing aluminum and fluorine. Topaz is the state gemstone of Utah, and the rare blue topaz is the state gemstone of Texas.

122 Shore soarer : GULL

Gulls are a family of seabirds that is most closely related to terns. Some species of gull can be quite clever. For example, they can reportedly use pieces of bread as bait to catch goldfish in ponds. Others can be quite fearless, and have been known to land on the backs of whales and peck out pieces of flesh.

126 Name on a toy truck : HESS

Hess Corporation is an oil company based in New York City. In 1964, the company started selling toy trucks with the Hess logo on them, in Hess gas stations. The company has been selling them ever since, bringing out new models just before Christmas. Hess toy trucks have become quite collectible and the old ones can fetch a pretty penny.

Down

2 Song title shared by hit singles for Ja Rule and Flo Rida : I CRY

Ja Rule is the stage name of rapper Jeffrey Atkins. Apparently Ja Rule is noted not only for his music, but for his “feuds” with the likes of 50 Cent and Eminem.

Tramar Dillard is better known as rapper Flo Rida. As you might have guessed, Flo Rida was born in the state of Florida.

5 Kind of force created by the moon : TIDAL

Tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the moon on the oceans. At neap tide, the smaller gravitational effect of the sun cancels out some of the moon’s effect. At spring tide, the sun and the moon’s gravitational forces act in concert causing more extreme movement of the oceans.

6 Ending with “brown.” or “auburn.” : EDU

Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island is one of the eight Ivy League schools. Brown has been around a long time, founded in 1764, years before America declared independence from England. The university took the name of Brown in 1804 after one Nicholas Brown, Jr. gave a substantial gift to the school. The school’s athletic teams are known as the Brown Bears, and their mascot is Bruno.

Auburn University in Alabama was chartered in 1856 as the East Alabama Male College. The school was renamed when it was granted university status in 1960. Auburn’s sports teams are known as the Tigers, for which supporters use the battle cry “War Eagle!”

7 What tahini is made from : SESAME

“Tahini” is the Arabic name for a paste made from ground sesame seeds. Tahini is a major ingredient in hummus, one of my favorite dishes.

8 Tush : PATOOT

Back in the 1920s, the term “patootie” was used for a sweetheart, a very pretty girl. Somehow, the term has evolved into slang for the posterior, rear end.

“Tush”, a word meaning “backside”, is an abbreviation of “tochus” that comes from the Yiddish “tokhes”.

10 Actress Gadot : GAL

Gal Gadot is an actress and former Miss Israel. She played Gisele Yashar in the “Fast & Furious” film franchise, and then began portraying Wonder Woman in superhero movies.

11 Olive ___ : OYL

E. C. Segar’s cartoon character Olive Oyl had quite a large family. Her mother is Nana Oyl, and her father Cole Oyl. Olive’s brother is Castor Oyl, and she has uncles named Otto Oyl and Lubry Kent Oyl (my favorite!).

14 Kind of muscle : TENSOR

A tensor muscle is one that tightens or stretches a part of the body.

24 Sister brand of Saucony and Stride Rite : KEDS

Keds is a brand of athletic shoe first introduced in 1916 by US Rubber. The shoe was originally marketed as a rubber-soled, canvas-topped sneaker. The company first opted for the brand name “Peds”, from the Latin “ped” meaning “foot”. That name was already taken by another product, and so a quick rebranding took place resulting in “Keds”. The brand celebrated its centennial with a “Ladies First Since 1916” campaign that focuses on female empowerment.

32 Cybersquatters make fake ones : URLS

An Internet address (like NYXCrossword.com and LAXCrossword.com) is more correctly called a uniform resource locator (URL).

33 What 2 is vis-à-vis 1 : MORE

We can use the French phrase “vis-à-vis” as a preposition meaning “compared with”. When used as an adverb or adjective, it means “face-to-face”, which is a more literal translation from French.

35 Badger : NAG

To badger is to harass. The verb “to badger” comes from the cruel practice of badger-baiting, which dates back to medieval times. Badger-baiting is a blood sport in which a dog is used as bait for a badger in its den, to draw it out into the open. The den is an artificial structure built to resemble a natural badgers’ den, complete with a tunnel entrance. The dog is sent down the tunnel causing the badger and dog to lock their jaws on each other. The badger and dog are then removed from the den by pulling on the dog’s tail. Horrible …

37 Satirist ___ Baron Cohen : SACHA

Sacha Baron Cohen is a comedian and comic actor from England. Baron Cohen is perhaps most famous for playing the characters Borat and Ali G on the small and large screens. I’m wasn’t a fan, but I must admit that I really enjoyed 2020’s “Borat Subsequent Moviefilm”.

38 Entree served with a knife : STEAK

“Entrée” means “entry” in French. An entrée can be something that helps one get “a way in”, an interview for example perhaps helped along by a recommendation letter. In Europe, even in English-speaking countries, the entrée is the name for the “entry” to the meal, the first course. I found the ordering of meals to be very confusing when I first came to America!

45 Walgreens competitor : CVS

The name of the drugstore chain CVS once stood for “Consumer Value Stores”, although these days the company uses the initialism to denote “Convenience, Value and Service”.

46 ___ Khan of Khan Academy fame : SAL

“Khan Academy” is a not-for-profit organization that aims to provide a “free, world-class education for anyone, anywhere”. Founded by educator Sal Khan in 2006, the academy mainly teaches mathematics and science through the medium of YouTube videos. Check out some of the videos. They are really excellent …

52 Stock ticker symbol for a longtime clothing brand : LEVI

Levi Strauss was the founder of the first company in the world to manufacture blue jeans. Levi Strauss & Co. opened in 1853 in San Francisco. Strauss and his business partner were awarded a patent in 1873 for the use of copper rivets to strengthen points of strain on working pants.

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) can give some quite descriptive ticker symbols to companies, for example:

  • Anheuser-Busch (BUD, for “Budweiser”)
  • Molson Coors Brewing Company (TAP, as in “beer tap”)
  • Steinway Musical Instruments (LVB, for “Ludwig van Beethoven”)
  • Sotheby’s (BID, for the auction house)

53 Corrects in text : EMENDS

The verb “to amend” means “to change for the better, put right, alter by adding”. The related verb “to emend” is used more rarely, and mainly in reference to the editing of professional writing. Both terms are derived from the Latin “emendare” meaning “to remove fault”.The verb “to amend” means “to change for the better, put right, alter by adding”. The related verb “to emend” is used more rarely, and mainly in reference to the editing of professional writing. Both terms are derived from the Latin “emendare” meaning “to remove fault”.

60 River of old song : SWANEE

“Old Folks at Home” is a minstrel song that dates back to 1851. Written by Stephen Foster, the song is also known as “Swanee River”, and is the state song of Florida. The song’s narrator is African slave, and the original lyrics use very offensive terminology. “Old Folks at Home” remains the state song of Florida, although the lyrics were cleaned up in 2008.

62 “Clever ___ are never punished”: Voltaire : TYRANTS

“Voltaire” was the pen name of French writer and philosopher François-Marie Arouet. He chose the name “Voltaire” as it is an anagram of “Arovet Li”, the Latinized spelling of his family name “Arouet”.

65 Meat Loaf’s “Rocky Horror” role : EDDIE

“The Rocky Horror Picture Show” has to have the most devout cult-following of any movie ever made. Famously, fans attending a midnight show of the film will dress up in outrageous costumes used in the film, and bring props with them. The props bear little relation to the storyline, but a tradition of using certain props in a particular way has been established. For example, at one point a character proposes a toast, and the audience throws toast around the theater. Go figure …

“Meat Loaf” is the stage name of rock musician Marvin Lee Aday from Dallas, Texas. Meat Loaf’s second album is “Bat Out of Hell”, one of the best selling albums of all time. “Bat Out of Hell” still sells hundreds of thousands copies every year, and has sold over 40 million copies worldwide.

66 Surfaces, e.g. : PCS

Microsoft Surface is a series of portable computing devices that includes a line of 2-in-1 detachables, which are crosses between tablets and laptops.

67 Start of many a limerick : THERE …

No one knows for sure how the limerick got its name, although there does seem to be agreement the name does indeed come from the city or county of Limerick in Ireland. Try this one for size:

There was a young lady named Bright
who traveled much faster than light.
She set out one day
in a relative way,
and came back the previous night.

69 Massive adversary : GOLIATH

In the story of David and Goliath, the Israelites and the Philistines faced each other in battle at the Valley of Elah. Goliath was the warrior champion of the Philistines and each day he challenged the Israelites to send out their champion to decide the battle in a one-on-one fight. No one was courageous enough to accept the challenge until young David agreed to face the mighty Goliath. David felled the giant soldier with a stone from his sling.

71 Forensic pros, in brief : CSIS

Crime scene investigator (CSI)

78 Sorority letter : THETA

The Greek letter theta is the one that looks like the number zero with a horizontal line across the middle.

80 Shortest answer from a Magic 8 Ball : YES

The Magic 8-Ball is a toy, and supposedly a fortune-telling device, introduced by Mattel in 1946. There are 20 answers that the Magic 8-Ball can provide, including:

  • Without a doubt
  • Ask again later
  • My sources say no
  • Outlook not so good
  • Signs point to yes

81 Measures of acidity : PHS

As we all recall from chemistry class, a pH of 7 is considered neutral. Anything less than 7 is an acid, and anything above 7 is a base.

85 Modern joust venue, informally : REN FAIRE

A Renaissance faire (Ren faire) is an outdoor public event in which many participants recreate historical settings by dressing in costume. Usually held in North America, many such fairs are set during the English Renaissance, and more particularly during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. The definition of “Renaissance” is often stretched quite a bit, with fairs also set during the reign of Henry VIII, and maybe even during medieval times.

87 Org. with a noted bell : NYSE

The roots of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) go back to 1792 when a group of 24 stock brokers set up the New York Stock & Exchange Board. They did so in an agreement signed under a buttonwood tree outside 68 Wall Street. That document became known as the Buttonwood Agreement. Today, the NYSE is located in a National Historic Landmark building with the address 11 Wall Street in Lower Manhattan, New York City.

88 Van Gogh’s “La ___ Étoilée” : NUIT

“The Starry Night” (“La Nuit Étoilée” in French) is a Van Gogh masterpiece depicting what the artist could see from the window of his room in a sanitarium near the village of Saint-Rémy-de-Provence. It is a lovely piece …

91 Packed house inits. : SRO

SRO)

96 Expensive Super Bowl purchase : AD SPOT

The Super Bowl is used for high-profile advertising because of the high viewership numbers. For example, Super Bowl XLIX (2015) had an average audience of 114 million viewers, making it the most-watched American TV program in history.

98 Shower times : APRILS

The phenomenon known as April showers really only applies to Britain and Ireland. Increased occurrence of rain during April is largely due to an annual change in the position of the jet stream.

100 Timorous : TREPID

Our word “trepidation”, meaning “fear”. comes from the Latin verb “tridare” meaning “to tremble”.

102 Member of a Turkic group : TATAR

Tatars (sometimes “Tartars”) are an ethnic group of people who mainly reside in Russia (a population of about 5 1/2 million). One of the more famous people with a Tatar heritage was Hollywood actor Charles Bronson. Bronson’s real name was Charles Buchinsky.

103 Onetime streaming platform of the 2010s : HBO GO

The HBO Go offering was a “TV Everywhere” service, meaning that paid subscribers could stream content on a choice of platforms just by entering a username and password. HBO Go was superseded by the HBO Max service.

106 Like wool sweaters, often : ITCHY

Until the early 1880s, the word “sweater” applied to clothing worn specifically for weight reduction by “sweating”.

107 Teensy bits : IOTAS

Iota is the ninth letter in the Greek alphabet, and one that gave rise to our letters I and J. We use the word “iota” to portray something very small, as it is the smallest of all Greek letters.

113 Broca’s ___, segment of the brain linked to speech : AREA

Paul Broca was a French physician who provided the first anatomical proof that brain function was localized. He studied the brains of individuals suffering from aphasia, the inability to formulate language due to brain injury after a stroke or head trauma. Broca discovered that aphasia patients had lesions in a specific part of the brain, the left frontal region. This region of the brain’s cortex that is responsible for language is now called Broca’s Area, in his honor.

114 Snoring symbols in Surrey : ZEDS

The letter zed has been around since about 1400, and derives from the Greek letter zeta. The spelling and pronunciation “zee”, used in America today, first popped up in the 1670s. The spelling and pronunciation “zed” is still used in Britain and Ireland.

Surrey is an English county located just to the southwest of London. Among the many historic locations in Surrey is Runnymede, famous for the signing of Magna Carta by King John in 1215.

Complete List of Clues/Answers

Across

1 Lets extra light in, in a way : DILATES
8 Get on the stick? : POGO
12 Music genre prefix : ALT-
15 Arm of the Dept. of Homeland Security : FEMA
19 Deforestation, for example : ECOCIDE
20 Not home : AWAY
21 Pool tester : TOE
22 Line through two poles : AXIS
23 Salma Hayek: 1996, 2002 : FROM DUSK TILL DAWN (hiding “FRIDA”)
26 Bop on the head : BONK
27 Driven, say : TYPE-A
28 “___ Flux” (onetime sci-fi series) : AEON
29 Yellow belly? : ELLS
30 Pair in gossip : ITEM
31 Dev Patel: 2008, 2016 : SLUMDOG MILLIONAIRE (hiding “LION”)
36 Jerkwad : ASS
39 What remains, with “the” : … REST
40 Quail : bevy :: ___ : parliament : OWL
41 Liechtensteiner’s currency : FRANC
42 Amount of tips earned by a street performer, maybe : HATFUL
45 Equipment used to play the oldest organized sport in North America : CROSSE
47 Choose : GO FOR
50 Brad Pitt: 2001, 1995 : OCEAN’S ELEVEN (hiding “SEVEN”)
54 Accompanier of smoke : ASH
56 Texter’s “I think …” : IMO …
57 Catherine of “Schitt’s Creek” : O’HARA
58 Outstanding finds : GEMS
59 Broadband inits. : DSL
61 “You mean I’m wrong?!” : IT ISN’T?!
64 Utilize a company policy for new parents, say : TAKE LEAVE
66 When tripled, playful onomatopoeia for shooting laser beams : PEW
67 “Here, have a taste” : TRY THIS
68 Owen Wilson: 2005, 2006 : WEDDING CRASHERS (hiding “CARS”)
71 Baseless rumors : CANARDS
74 The lowest número primo : DOS
75 Pickup line? : NEED A LIFT
79 It’s at the beginning of this clue : SHORT I
80 Noted fashion monogram : YSL
81 Equal : PEER
82 “Sunrise” singer Jones : NORAH
83 Focus of some smartphone updates : IOS
84 Before, in poetry : ERE
86 Joaquin Phoenix: 2014, 2013 : INHERENT VICE (hiding “HER”)
89 Problems with phonograph records : SKIPS
92 Contents of college blue books : ESSAYS
94 Early online forum that popularized terms like “FAQ” and “spam” : USENET
95 Put on again : RERAN
97 Some dolls sold in a Universal Studios gift shop : ETS
98 When “Alexander Hamilton” is sung in “Hamilton” : ACT I
101 Mathematician Lovelace : ADA
102 Al Pacino and Robert De Niro: 1974, 1995 (twice!) : THE GODFATHER PART II (hiding “HEAT”, twice!)
108 Brother of 99-Down : ABEL
109 Ramirez of “Grey’s Anatomy” : SARA
110 Historic trade ally of the Monacan people : ERIE
111 Dark yellow shade : TOPAZ
115 -elect : -TO BE
116 Modern tech feature for watching two programs on one screen … or an alternative title for this puzzle : PICTURE-IN-PICTURE
120 Bug-eyed : AGOG
121 High-value deposit : ORE
122 Shore soarer : GULL
123 Absolutely devoured : INHALED
124 Takes from : ROBS
125 TV’s “___ Lasso” : TED
126 Name on a toy truck : HESS
127 Places for rubs and scrubs : DAY SPAS

Down

1 Expert : DEFT
2 Song title shared by hit singles for Ja Rule and Flo Rida : I CRY
3 In the ___ : LOOP
4 High points : ACMES
5 Kind of force created by the moon : TIDAL
6 Ending with “brown.” or “auburn.” : EDU
7 What tahini is made from : SESAME
8 Tush : PATOOT
9 Thanks (to) : OWING
10 Actress Gadot : GAL
11 Olive ___ : OYL
12 In any way : AT ALL
13 Sleazeballs : LOWLIFES
14 Kind of muscle : TENSOR
15 Chess’s ___ Caruana, onetime youngest grandmaster in U.S. history (14 years, 11 months) : FABIANO
16 Flowerhorn cichlids and vampire tetras, for example : EXOTIC FISH
17 Worker who wants to strike? : MINER
18 “Go on, shoot” : ASK ME
24 Sister brand of Saucony and Stride Rite : KEDS
25 Small valleys : DELLS
32 Cybersquatters make fake ones : URLS
33 What 2 is vis-à-vis 1 : MORE
34 “Hmm …” : I WONDER …
35 Badger : NAG
36 Barrels of fun : A HOOT
37 Satirist ___ Baron Cohen : SACHA
38 Entree served with a knife : STEAK
43 Price jockeying of competing airlines : FARE WAR
44 Not paying attention : UNALERT
45 Walgreens competitor : CVS
46 ___ Khan of Khan Academy fame : SAL
48 Prefix with present : OMNI-
49 Goes to hell : ROTS
51 “Golly gee!” : EGADS!
52 Stock ticker symbol for a longtime clothing brand : LEVI
53 Corrects in text : EMENDS
55 Brought on : HIRED
60 River of old song : SWANEE
62 “Clever ___ are never punished”: Voltaire : TYRANTS
63 [swoon] : [IT’S LOVE]
65 Meat Loaf’s “Rocky Horror” role : EDDIE
66 Surfaces, e.g. : PCS
67 Start of many a limerick : THERE …
69 Massive adversary : GOLIATH
70 Whom you might ask “Where will I be in 10 years?” : SEER
71 Forensic pros, in brief : CSIS
72 Words of eventual understanding : AH, OK
73 “‘Fraid not” : NO SIREE, BOB!
76 Supermodel Shayk : IRINA
77 Went up against : FACED
78 Sorority letter : THETA
80 Shortest answer from a Magic 8 Ball : YES
81 Measures of acidity : PHS
85 Modern joust venue, informally : REN FAIRE
87 Org. with a noted bell : NYSE
88 Van Gogh’s “La ___ Étoilée” : NUIT
90 Walking sticks? : PEG LEGS
91 Packed house inits. : SRO
93 Went after : SET AT
96 Expensive Super Bowl purchase : AD SPOT
98 Shower times : APRILS
99 Brother of 108-Across : CAIN
100 Timorous : TREPID
102 Member of a Turkic group : TATAR
103 Onetime streaming platform of the 2010s : HBO GO
104 Took a bow? : ARCED
105 Submissions to a casting director : REELS
106 Like wool sweaters, often : ITCHY
107 Teensy bits : IOTAS
112 Thick component of orange juice : PULP
113 Broca’s ___, segment of the brain linked to speech : AREA
114 Snoring symbols in Surrey : ZEDS
117 [That smells terrible!] : [UGH!]
118 Regret : RUE
119 ___ sense : IN A

10 thoughts on “1121-21 NY Times Crossword 21 Nov 21, Sunday”

  1. 15:06. I’m not a film buff, but fortunately none of the films was obscure, and I’ve actually seen a few of them (4 of the 12).

  2. 31:27. I’ve seen only one of the movies, so the theme didn’t help me much. Just kept cycling thru the NW corner at the end because I thought I was “in the KNOW”, when I should have been in the LOOP. Hung me up for quite a while.

  3. 36:29. I wince whenever there’s a movie theme like this, but I actually knew a few of them this time….but only a few.

    “HEAT” and “THE GODFATHER” are both favorites of mine. I didn’t know HEAT was based on real people. Interesting.

    For the record, lasers do not make any sound even remotely similar to PEW.

    Have to do yesterday’s puzzle now. I just can’t seem to get caught up.

    Best –

  4. 37:26, after spending several frustrating minutes trying to locate an error that was keeping me from getting the “success” message. Like Jeff, I was leery of “PEW”, and, being a Mac fan, I was unaware of the Microsoft “Surface” line, so “PC’S” was a rather tentative guess. However, that “P” wasn’t my problem: early on, I had put in “CONK” for “Bop on the head”, observed that the first name of Mr. Caruana (of whom I had never heard) must therefore be “FACIANO” (obviously pronounced “FAH-CHI-AH-NO”, but I didn’t argue with that. (After all, not everyone can have a good solid American name like Erik or Sven or Ole or Tjerand … 😜.) So, it took me some (unknown) amount of time to discover that I should have used “BONK”. Oh, well … there are more important things to worry about in this world … 😳.

  5. I may be a bit dull at the moment, but even after solving the puzzle I still don’t understand the answer to 115 Across.

  6. 42:25, 2 errors: (U)H OK; C(U)NARDS. Lizard brain told me Cunard was an OK spelling (probably remembering the shipping line). Impressive construct, happy to finish only one letter off. Have seen only 2 of 12 movies.

    1. @Bill in MN … Anyone who does a lot of crossword puzzles learns to expect clues like the one you mention; it’s just part of the scene.

      “Common center” = “EMS”.

      “First of January” = “JAY”.

      “Most of an inning” = “ENS”.

      Wordsmiths indulge in wordplay … 🤨 … 😜.

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