0114-11: New York Times Crossword Answers 14 Jan 11, Friday

The full solution to today’s crossword that appears in the New York Times
The full solution to today’s SYNDICATED New York Times crossword that appears in all other publications


Today’s Wiki-est, Amazonian Googlies
1. It’s now called “Periodicals” : SECOND-CLASS MAIL
There are four classes of mail according to the US Postal Service:

– First-class: postcards, letters, large envelopes and small packages
– Second-class: newspapers and magazines
– Third-class: bulk advertisements
– Fourth-class: books and media packages

Horses: Photographs16. Uppity : ON ONE’S HIGH HORSE
The expression “on one’s high horse” stems from the fact that someone of rank tended to ride a “high horse” i.e. a war horse or a charger.

Alexander Pope: A Life17. Dangerous thing? : A LITTLE LEARNING
The first mention of the expression “a little learning is a dangerous thing”, in print anyway, is from Alexander Pope’s “Essay on Criticism” from 1709:

A little learning is a dangerous thing;
drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring:
there shallow draughts intoxicate the brain,
and drinking largely sobers us again.

18. Muchacho : NINO
In Spanish a boy is a niño or a muchacho. One can call also an adult male a muchacho, “one of the boys”, but not a niño, as that would be an insult.

JESUS ON THE CROSS INRI Crucifix Icon Real Bronze Powder Cast Wall Plaque Statue, 13 1/2-inch19. Cross letters : INRI
The letters on the cross on which Jesus died were INRI. INRI is an acronym for the Latin “Iesus Nazarenus, Rex Iudaeorum”, which translates into English as Jesus the Nazarene (or Galilean), King of the Jews (or Judeans).

21. Blu-ray relative : DVD
A Blu-ray disc looks just like a standard DVD or CD, but it has a lot more capacity for data storage making it an ideal medium for high-definition movies. The name “Blu-ray” comes from the fact that a Blu-ray player uses a “blue laser” to read the disc, unlike a standard DVD which uses a “red laser”.

25. Part of a farm harrow : TINE
A harrow is a farm implement with multiple prongs (tines) that level off the surface of a plowed field as it is dragged across the ground.

The Portable Karl Marx (Portable Library)28. “The Poverty of Philosophy” author : MARX
Karl Marx was a German philosopher and revolutionary who helped develop the principles of modern communism and socialism. Marx argued that feudal society created internal strife due to class inequalities which led to its destruction and replacement by capitalism. He further argued that the inequalities created in a capitalist society create tensions that will also lead to its destruction. His thesis was that the inevitable replacement of capitalism was a classless (and stateless) society, which he called pure communism.

SELA WARD 20X24 COLOR PHOTO37. Ward of Hollywood : SELA
Sela Ward turns up in crosswords a lot. She played Teddy Reed in the TV show “Sisters” in the nineties, and was in “Once and Again” from 1999-2002. I don’t know either show, but I do know her from the medical drama “House” in which she played the hospital’s lawyer, and Greg House’s ex-partner. That was a fun role, I thought. Now she has turned up on CSI: NY, a very welcome and much-needed addition to the cast …

42. Robotic rock group popular in the 1980s : DEVO
Devo is a band from Akron, Ohio formed back in 1973. The band’s biggest hit is “Whip It” released in 1980.

44. Frosty’s relative : MILKSHAKE
A Frosty is a frozen dairy dessert created for Wendy’s fast food chain. It’s a little like a milkshake, and has been around since 1969.

25 Lbs Organic Soybeans - Certified Organic Soy Beans for Soymilk, Tofu, Food Storage & more.48. Kind of bean : SOYA
What are known as soybeans here in the US are called soya beans in most other, English-speaking countries. So, I drink soy milk here in America, but when I am over in Ireland I drink “soya milk”.

50. Auburn competitors : REOS
The REO Motor Company was founded by Ransom E. Olds (hence the name REO). The company made cars, trucks and buses, and was in business from 1905 to 1975, in Lansing, Michigan.

The Auburn Automobile Company started out in 1875 as the Eckhart Carriage Company in Auburn, Indiana. The Auburn brand of cars were produced from 1900 through 1936, with the company eventually going out of business as an Auburn car was just too expensive for the depression-era market.

Official Henry R. Luce Speaking at the Cleveland Forum Collections Photographic Poster Print by Ed Clark, 30x4057. Time starter : LUCE
Henry Luce was a publisher, mainly of magazines. He was responsible for launching such iconic publications such as “Time”, “Life”, “Fortune” and “Sports Illustrated”.

59. R.I.P. part : PACE
R.I.P. is actually an abbreviation for a Latin phrase, “requiescat in pace”, which translates to “may he rest in peace”. The commonly held belief that the acronym stands for the English “rest in peace” isn’t quite correct, not completely anyway …

Reeds Nautical Almanac 201060. Navigator’s aid : NAUTICAL ALMANAC
A nautical almanac is a book used by navigators, usually at sea. The main content has traditionally been tables of star position designed to help determine one’s position at sea.

66. Union of 1284 : ENGLAND AND WALES
The Principality of Wales was created in 1216 when sovereign princes of Welsh territories agreed that Llywelyn the Great would become the paramount ruler of the region. The Principality covered about two thirds of what we call Wales today, and it gained partial recognition by the English Crown with the title of Prince of Wales being created for Llywelyn the Great and his successors. The relationship between the Principality and its powerful neighbor was an uneasy one though, and eventually there was a military conquest by the English King Edward I in 1282-1283. In 1284 the Statute of Rhuddlan became law which brought all the land held by the Prince of Wales under English rule. And today of course, the title of Prince of Wales is held by the heir to the British throne, Prince Charles.

6. Cable alternative : DSL
DSL originally stood for Digital Subscriber Loop, but is now accepted to mean (Asymmetric) Digital Subscriber Line. DSL is the technology that allows Internet service be delivered down the same telephone line as voice service, by separating the two into different frequency signals.

Che! (1969) 27 x 40 Movie Poster - Style A7. 1969 biopic starring 10-Down : CHE
(10. Star of 7-Down : SHARIF)

“Che!” is a 1969 biopic about the life of Che Guevara. It stars Omar Sharif in the title role, and Jack Palance as Fidel Castro. I haven’t seen the film, but apparently it wasn’t well received. Well, an Egyptian (Sharif) playing an Argentine Marxist, and a Ukrainian American (Palance) playing a Cuban revolutionary … it sounds like a disaster waiting to happen …

Lili Taylor Color 8x12 Photograph8. Taylor of “The Haunting” : LILI
Lili Taylor had supporting roles in films like “Mystic Pizza”, “The Haunting” and “Rudy”, and she had a recurring role in the HBO series “Six Feet Under”.

9. Means : AGENT
An agent is the means by which something is done.

OMAR SHARIF 8X10 PHOTO10. Star of 7-Down : SHARIF
(7. 1969 biopic starring 10-Down : CHE)
Omar Sharif is the great Hollywood actor from Egypt, who played such memorable roles in the likes of “Doctor Zhivago” and “Lawrence of Arabia”. But to me he is my bridge hero (the card game). In his day he was one of the best players in the world.

11. Fez wearer : SHRINER
The Shriners are an offshoot of the Freemasons. One of the founders was Walter Fleming, who picked up the idea of creating a group with a Middle Eastern theme after witnessing an Arabian musical comedy in Southern France and again in North Africa. He gave the group its name, the Ancient Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, or Shriners for short.

Red Felt Fez HatA fez is that red, cylindrical hat worn mainly in North Africa, and by Shriners here in the US. It used to be very popular right across the Ottoman Empire. The etymology of “fez” is unclear, although it might have something to do with the Moroccan city named Fez.

LEGO Torch15. Big name in construction : LEGO
Lego is manufactured by Lego Group, a privately held company headquartered in Billund, Denmark. The company was founded by a carpenter called Ole Kirk Christiansen in 1934, and the now-famous plastic interlocking blocks were introduced in 1949, sold as “Automatic Binding Bricks”. I think “Lego” is easier to remember! The name “Lego” comes from the Danish term “leg godt” meaning “play well”.

26. Violinist/bandleader ___ Light : ENOCH
Enoch Light was a classical violinist, and a bandleader. He was also quite the recording engineer and went to great lengths (starting as early as the late fifties) to get the best sound experience for listeners to his recordings. In particular he was one of the first to use stereo effects to create an apparent spatial separation between instruments Unfortunately, he didn’t get much air time on the radio, as AM stations only broadcast in mono back then.

Sunforce 39110 123-Watt High-Efficiency Polycrystalline Solar Panel with Sharp Module31. Green energy source : SOLAR PANEL
Solar panels make use of what’s known as the photovoltaic effect. We all learned about the photoelectric effect in school, in which electrons were ejected from the surface of some materials when it was exposed to light or other forms of radiation. The photovoltaic effect is related but different. Instead of being electrons ejected from the surface, in the photovoltaic effect electrons move around in the material creating a difference in voltage.

34. Bust finds : KILOS
Kilos of illegal substances can be found in drug busts.

39. Island along Cuillin Sound : SKYE
The Isle of Skye is off the northwest coast of Scotland in the Inner Hebrides. It is the second largest island in the country, and has been linked to the mainland by a road bridge since 1995. I’ve never been there, but I hear the views are spectacular.

1867 Italian Papal States 1 Soldo (5 Centesimi) Coin KM#1372.2 Pope Pius IX43. 100 centesimi : ONE LIRA
The Italian Lira was divided into one hundred centisimi (singular: centisimo). The name comes from the Latin word for “hundreth” (centesimus).

45. Musical instrument inventor Adolphe : SAX
The saxophone was invented by Belgian, Adolphe Sax. Sax developed lip cancer at one point in his life, and one has to wonder if that was related to his saxophone playing (I am sure not!). I had the privilege of visiting his grave in the Cemetery of Montmartre in Paris a few years ago.

7" Toucan Sam Plush47. Bird on a Kellogg’s cereal box : TOUCAN
Toucan Sam is the mascot of Kellogg’s Froot Loops breakfast cereal, and he can be seen on the front of every box.

Froot Loops (ugh!) is a breakfast cereal manufactured by Kellogg’s since 1963. The little loops come in different colors, originally red, orange and yellow, but now there are green, purple and blue loops as well. Notice I said “different colors” not “different flavors”. Each loop tastes the same, so I wonder where the color comes from …?

54. “Good Luck, Miss Wyckoff” novelist : INGE
“Good Luck, Miss Wyckoff” is one of two novels that author William Inge set in the fictional town of Freedom, Kansas (the second is “My Son Is a Splendid Driver”). “Good Luck, Miss Wyckoff” was adapted for the big screen in 1979 and was released to theaters under the same name, but it went to video under three other titles: “The Sin”, “The Shaming” and “Secret Yearnings”. I have no idea why …

55. Normandy city : CAEN
Caen, on the River Orne, lies in the Calvados department of France in the northwest of the country. Caen is famous for the WWII Battle of Caen that left the town practically destroyed. Caen is also the burial place of the Norman King William I of England, also known as William the Conqueror after his victory at the Battle of Hastings in 1066.

56. ___ fu : KUNG
In the west we sometimes use the term kung fu to mean a Chinese martial art. We’ve gotten the wrong idea though, as the term “kung fu” really describes any skill that can be learned through dedication and hard work. So, kung fu can indeed describe a martial art, but by no means exclusively.

Charles Lamb, a biography, improved 8/22/201058. “All Fool’s Day” writer : ELIA
“All Fool’s Day” is one of the “Essays of Elia” written by Charles Lamb.

The “Essays of Elia” began appearing in “London Magazine” in 1820, and were immediate hits with the public. The author was Charles Lamb, and Elia was actually a clerk and one of Lamb’s co-workers. The most famous of the essays in the collection are probably “Dream-Children” and “Old China”.

61. ___ el Amarna, Egypt : TEL
Armana is an archaeological site on the east bank of the Nile River in Egypt, almost 200 miles south of Cairo. The ancient city is also known as el-Armana, and Tel el-Armana, although the use of “Tel” is apparently incorrect. “Tel” commonly appears in names in the region (Arabic for “hill”) but should not apply to Amarna as the site is perfectly flat.

Conversations with Ann Beattie (Literary Conversations Series)62. Author Beattie : ANN
Ann Beattie is a short story writer and novelist. Her first novel was “Chilly Scenes of Winter” first published in 1976. It was adapted for the big screen in 1979 and released under the same title and also under the name “Head Over Heels”.

63. Former Ford : LTD
There has been a lot of speculation about what the acronym LTD stands for in the car model “Ford LTD”. Many say it stands for Luxury Trim Decor, and others that it is an abbreviation for “limited”. Although the car was produced in Australia with the acronym meaning Lincoln Type Design,  it seems LTD was originally chosen as just three meaningless letters that sound good together.

Mew Gull Flying, Alaska, USA Photographic Poster Print by Charles Sleicher, 48x6464. Small gull : MEW
What we call the Mew Gull here in North America is related to the Common Gull of Europe and Asia.

For the sake of completion, here is a full listing of all the answers:
1. It’s now called “Periodicals” : SECOND-CLASS MAIL
16. Uppity : ON ONE’S HIGH HORSE
17. Dangerous thing? : A LITTLE LEARNING
18. Muchacho : NINO
19. Cross letters : INRI
20. Pandemonium : ZOO
21. Blu-ray relative : DVD
22. Interject : ADD
25. Part of a farm harrow : TINE
27. Go out with : SEE
28. “The Poverty of Philosophy” author : MARX
30. Peaty places : FENS
32. Hot : ON A STREAK
35. Blueprint feature : ROOM
37. Ward of Hollywood : SELA
38. Hotel waiters? : TAXIS
40. Genealogist’s study : CLAN
42. Robotic rock group popular in the 1980s : DEVO
44. Frosty’s relative : MILKSHAKE
46. Cost of living? : RENT
48. Kind of bean : SOYA
49. Std. : REG
50. Auburn competitors : REOS
52. Survey check-off : SEX
53. Ace : PAL
54. “That’s nasty!” : ICK
57. Time starter : LUCE
59. R.I.P. part : PACE
60. Navigator’s aid : NAUTICAL ALMANAC
65. Broad appeal : GENERAL INTEREST
66. Union of 1284 : ENGLAND AND WALES

1. Jerks : SO-AND-SOS
2. Spiced up : ENLIVENED
3. One who knows the value of a dollar : COIN DEALER
4. Not had by : ONTO
5. Pocket : NET
6. Cable alternative : DSL
7. 1969 biopic starring 10-Down : CHE
8. Taylor of “The Haunting” : LILI
9. Means : AGENT
10. Star of 7-Down : SHARIF
11. Fez wearer : SHRINER
12. Calendar abbr. : MON
13. Mex. neighbor : ARIZ
14. “This ___ joke!” : IS NO
15. Big name in construction : LEGO
22. Quantity: Abbr. : AMT
23. Zip : DART
24. Overnight sensation : DREAM
26. Violinist/bandleader ___ Light : ENOCH
29. Base line : X-AXIS
31. Green energy source : SOLAR PANEL
33. Pack rat : SAVER
34. Bust finds : KILOS
36. Argue (for) : MAKE A CASE
39. Island along Cuillin Sound : SKYE
41. Overlooks : NEGLECTS
43. 100 centesimi : ONE LIRA
45. Musical instrument inventor Adolphe : SAX
47. Bird on a Kellogg’s cereal box : TOUCAN
51. Burn : SCALD
54. “Good Luck, Miss Wyckoff” novelist : INGE
55. Normandy city : CAEN
56. ___ fu : KUNG
58. “All Fool’s Day” writer : ELIA
59. Chute opener? : PARA
61. ___ el Amarna, Egypt : TEL
62. Author Beattie : ANN
63. Former Ford : LTD
64. Small gull : MEW

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