0908-20 NY Times Crossword 8 Sep 20, Tuesday

Constructed by: Kevin Christian & Brad Wilber
Edited by: Will Shortz

Today’s Reveal Answer(s): Psy/cho

Themed answers each relate to the 1960 classic movie “PSYCHO”:

  • 4D “Gangnam Style” performer : PSY
  • 60D Comic Margaret : CHO
  • 17A With 26-Across, quote from 4-/60-Down : A BOY’S BEST FRIEND …
  • 26A See 17-Across : … IS HIS MOTHER
  • 34A With 38-Across, star of 4-/60-Down : ANTHONY …
  • 38A See 34-Across : … PERKINS
  • 44A Main character in 4-/60-Down : NORMAN BATES
  • 58A Director of 4-/60-Down, which was released on 9/8/60 : ALFRED HITCHCOCK

Bill’s time: 6m 03s

Bill’s errors: 0

Today’s Wiki-est Amazonian Googlies

Across

1 Home of Busch Gardens : TAMPA

The Busch Gardens group of theme parks was originally envisioned as a vehicle for the promotion of Anheuser-Busch products, so free beer samples were made available to patrons (but no longer!). The Tampa location was the first of the parks to be opened, in 1959. The Tampa property has an African theme, whereas Williamsburg, Virginia property has a European theme. There are plans to open a third park in Dubai, although the project has been put on hold due to the current financial climate.

6 Birthstone for many Libras : OPAL

Here is the “official” list of birthstones, by month, that we tend to use today:

  • January: Garnet
  • February: Amethyst
  • March: Bloodstone or Aquamarine
  • April: Diamond
  • May: Emerald
  • June: Pearl or Moonstone
  • July: Ruby
  • August: Sardonyx or Peridot
  • September: Sapphire or Lapis Lazuli
  • October: Opal or Pink Tourmaline
  • November: Topaz or Citrine
  • December: Turquoise or Zircon (also now, Tanzanite)

15 Antiquated “not” : NARY

The adjective “nary” means “not one”, as in “nary a soul” or even “nary a one”.

16 Igor Stravinsky’s “Fair lady, gracious gentlemen,” e.g. : ARIA

Composer Igor Stravinsky’s most famous works were completed relatively early in his career, when he was quite young. His three ballets “The Firebird”, “Petrushka” and “The Rite of Spring” were published in 1910-1913, when Stravinsky was in his early thirties.

21 Some tax shelters, for short : IRAS

Individual retirement account (IRA)

22 Leather processing professional : TANNER

Leather is made from animal skins. When the flesh, fat and hair is removed from the skin and it is dried, the resulting product is rawhide. Further treatment of the skin with chemicals that permanently alter the protein structure of the skin is known as tanning, and the resulting product is leather.

23 Pluto’s Egyptian counterpart : OSIRIS

Osiris was the Egyptian god of the underworld. Osiris was the son of Geb the Earth god, and Nut the sky goddess. His wife Isis was also his sister. Osiris was killed and mutilated by Set, his own brother. Isis reassembled Osiris and revived him, just long enough that they could conceive their son Horus.

29 Chanel perfume : COCO

Coco Chanel was a French fashion designer. I’m no fashionista, but if I had to pick a designer whose clothes I really liked, it would be Chanel. She had a way of creating simpler designs that look so elegant on a woman.

31 Fraternity letter : TAU

Tau is the 19th letter of the Greek alphabet, and the letter that gave rise to our Roman “T”. Both the letters tau (T) and chi (X) have long been symbolically associated with the cross.

34 With 38-Across, star of 4-/60-Down : ANTHONY …

38 See 34-Across : … PERKINS

Bates Motel was run by Norman Bates, played by Anthony Perkins, in Alfred Hitchcock’s “Psycho “.

40 Loo : LAV

Our word “lavatory” (sometimes “lav”) originally referred to a washbasin, and comes from the Latin “lavatorium”, a place for washing. In the 1600s, “lavatory” came to mean a washroom, and in the 1920s a toilet.

44 Main character in 4-/60-Down : NORMAN BATES

The top 5 movie villains in the American Film Institute’s list “100 Years … 100 Heroes & Villains” are:

  1. Dr. Hannibal Lecter in “The Silence of the Lambs”
  2. Norman Bates in “Psycho”
  3. Darth Vader in “The Empire Strikes Back”
  4. The Wicked Witch of the West in “The Wizard of Oz”
  5. Nurse Ratched in “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest”

48 H.S. science class for ambitious students : AP BIO

The Advanced Placement (AP) program offers college-level courses to kids who are still in high school (HS). After being tested at the end of an AP course, successful students receive credits that count towards a college degree.

52 Sound of a fife : TOOTLE

A fife is a small flute that is often used in military and marching bands. The name “fife” comes from the German “Pfeife” meaning “pipe”.

55 ___ Tomé and Príncipe : SAO

The Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe is an island nation off the west coast of Africa comprising mainly two islands: São Tomé and Príncipe. São Tomé and Príncipe is located in the Gulf of Guinea, off the coast of Gabon. It was colonized by Portugal after POrtuguese explorers discovered the islands in the 15th century. After gaining independence in 1975, São Tomé and Príncipe became the smallest Portuguese-speaking country in the world.

58 Director of 4-/60-Down, which was released on 9/8/60 : ALFRED HITCHCOCK

Alfred Hitchcock was an English film director from Leytonstone, just outside London. A very good friend of mine is a close friend of one of his granddaughters, and met “Hitch” many times in her youth. She tells a very nice story of sitting in a restaurant with the family when someone came over to the table to say “hi”. That was Jimmy Stewart …

61 Advantageous mtge. deal : REFI

Refinance (refi)

Our word “mortgage” comes from the Old French “mort gaige” which translated as “dead pledge”. Such an arrangement was so called because the “pledge” to repay “dies” when the debt is cleared.

63 Midwest air hub : O’HARE

O’Hare International was the world’s busiest airport from 1963 to 1998. The original airport was constructed on the site between 1942 and 1943, and was used by the Douglas Aircraft Company for the manufacture of planes during WWII. Before the factory and airport were built, there was a community in the area called Orchard Place, so the airport was called Orchard Place Airport/Douglas Field. This name is the derivation of the airport’s current location identifier: ORD (OR-chard D-ouglas). Orchard Place Airport was renamed to O’Hare International in 1949 in honor of Lieutenant Commander Butch O’Hare who grew up in Chicago. O’Hare was the US Navy’s first flying ace and a Medal of Honor recipient in WWII.

64 ___-Z (classic Camaro) : IROC

The IROC-Z is a model of Camaro that was introduced by Chevrolet in 1978. The IROC-Z takes its name from a famous stock car race, the International Race of Champions.

Down

1 Skier’s aid : T-BAR

A T-bar is a ski lift on which the skiers are pulled up the hill in pairs, with each pair standing (not sitting!) either side of a T-shaped metal bar. The bar is placed behind the thighs, pulling along the skiers as they remain standing on their skis (hopefully!). There’s also a J-bar, which is a similar device but with each J-shaped bar used by one skier at a time.

2 Duchess of ___ (Goya subject) : ALBA

María Cayetana de Silva was the 13th Duchess of Alba. She was a favorite subject of the Spanish painter Francisco Goya. The duchess is the subject in the famous portraits known as “La maja desnuda” (The Nude Maja) and “La maja vestida” (The Clothed Maja). “Maja” translates from Spanish as “beautiful lady”.

3 Ask for Friskies, maybe : MEOW

The Friskies brand is known today as a cat food, although it was first introduced as a dry dog food in 1930.

4 “Gangnam Style” performer : PSY

“PSY” is the stage name of South Korean rapper Park Jae-sang. PSY became an international star when his 2012 music video “Gangnam Style” went viral on YouTube. That video had over 1 billion views on YouTube in about six months, making it the most viewed YouTube video clip of all time.

5 Pilgrimage destination in central Italy : ASSISI

The Italian town of Assisi is in Umbria. Assisi is famous as the birthplace of St. Francis and as the home to the Franciscan religious order. It was also the home to Saint Clare and her order of the Poor Sisters (later known as the Poor Clares).

6 Like macho push-ups : ONE-ARM

A macho man is one showing pride in his masculinity. “Macho” is a Spanish word for “male animal”.

8 “Falsehood can hold out against much in this world, but not against ___”: Solzhenitsyn : ART

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, having spent many years in a Gulag labor camp, wrote his famous book “The Gulag Archipelago” that was published in the West in 1973.

9 Uber alternative : LYFT

Lyft is a ridesharing service that is based in San Francisco, as is Uber, Lyft’s biggest competitor.

10 Somersaulting dive : GAINER

A gainer is a dive in which the diver leaves the board while facing forward, but makes a backward somersault, entering the water feet first.

13 San Diego player : PADRE

The San Diego Padres baseball team was founded in 1969, and immediately joined the ranks of Major League Baseball as an expansion team. The Padres took their name from a Minor League team that had been in the city since 1936. The name is Spanish for “fathers” and is a reference to the Franciscan Friars from Spain who founded San Diego in 1769.

18 Rite with a mohel : BRIS

A mohel is a man who has been trained in the practice of brit milah (circumcision). Brit milah is known as “bris” in Yiddish. The brit milah ceremony is performed on male infants when they are 8 days old.

26 College in New Rochelle, N.Y. : IONA

Iona College is a Roman Catholic school run by Christian Brothers in New Rochelle, New York. The school’s sports teams are called the Iona Gaels, and the team mascot goes by the name “Killian”.

27 1970s-’80s sketch comedy show : SCTV

“Second City Television” (SCTV) is a sketch show that was produced in Canada from 1976 to 1984. SCTV was very successful with audiences all over North America, and in effect launched the careers of several comedy greats. The list of SCTV alumni includes John Candy, Eugene Levy, Rick Moranis, Catherine O’Hara, Harold Ramis and Martin Short.

29 Berkeley school, informally : CAL

The University of California, Berkeley (Cal) is the most difficult public university to get into in the world. It opened in 1869, and is named for Anglo-Irish philosopher George Berkeley.

33 Sponsor of many a Bob Hope show, in brief : USO

The United Service Organization (USO) was founded in 1941 at the request of President Franklin D. Roosevelt “to handle the on-leave recreation of the men in the armed forces”. A USO tour is undertaken by a troupe of entertainers, many of whom are big-name celebrities. A USO tour usually includes troop locations in combat zones.

I remember my first non-business visit to Los Angeles. I was a typical tourist and bought a map showing the homes of the stars and drove around Beverly Hills absorbing all the glitz. At one point I drove past a Rolls Royce that was stopped in oncoming traffic, waiting to make a left turn. The window was down, and the driver was puffing away on a big cigar. It was none other than Bob Hope. Seeing him there right beside me; that was a big thrill …

35 Peter with eight Oscar nominations (but no wins) : O’TOOLE

Irish actor Peter O’Toole got his big break in the movies when he played the title role in the 1962 epic film “Lawrence of Arabia”. My favorite of O’Toole’s movies is much lighter fare, namely “How to Steal a Million” in which he stars opposite Audrey Hepburn. O’Toole never won an Oscar, but holds the record for the greatest number of Best Actor nominations without a win (8).

36 “… ___ a lender be” : NOR

In William Shakespeare’s play “Hamlet”, Polonius gives some fatherly advice to his son Laertes before the young man heads off to France. Included among the numerous pearls of wisdom is the oft-quoted “Neither a borrower nor a lender be” and “to thine own self be true”.

Give thy thoughts no tongue,
Nor any unproportioned thought his act.
Be thou familiar but by no means vulgar.
Those friends thou hast, and their adoption tried,
Grapple them unto thy soul with hoops of steel,
But do not dull thy palm with entertainment
Of each new-hatched, unfledged comrade. Beware
Of entrance to a quarrel, but being in,
Bear ’t that th’ opposèd may beware of thee.
Give every man thy ear but few thy voice.
Take each man’s censure but reserve thy judgment.
Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy,
But not expressed in fancy—rich, not gaudy,
For the apparel oft proclaims the man,
And they in France of the best rank and station
Are of a most select and generous chief in that.
Neither a borrower nor a lender be,
For loan oft loses both itself and friend,
And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry.
This above all: to thine own self be true,
And it must follow, as the night the day,
Thou canst not then be false to any man.

37 City and county of Arizona : YUMA

The city and county of Yuma, Arizona take their name from the Quechan (aka “Yuma”) Native American tribe that inhabited the area.

39 Singer Eartha : KITT

Eartha Kitt really did have a unique voice and singing style. Her rendition of “Santa Baby” has to be one of the most distinctive and memorable recordings in the popular repertoire. Some of you will no doubt remember Eartha playing Catwoman on the final series of the 1960s TV show “Batman”.

42 Quotable bit on a movie poster : TAG LINE

Here are some of my favorite movie tag lines:

  • “Check in, Unpack, Relax, Take a Shower” from “Psycho” (1998)
  • “In space no one can hear you scream” from “Alien” (1979)
  • “You don’t get to 500 million friends without making a few enemies” from “The Social Network” (2010)
  • “The first casualty of war is innocence” from “Platoon” (1986)
  • “This is Benjamin. He’s a little worried about his future” from “The Graduate” (1967)
  • “This is the weekend they didn’t play golf” from “Deliverance” (1972)
  • “Just when you thought it was safe to go back in the water” from “Jaws 2” (1978)
  • “Be afraid. Be very afraid” from “The Fly” (1986)
  • “Yule crack up” from “Christmas Vacation” (1989)
  • “For Harry and Lloyd, every day is a no-brainer” (1994)

45 Like Felix Unger vis-à-vis Oscar Madison : NEATER

“The Odd Couple” is a play by the wonderfully talented Neil Simon that was first performed on Broadway, in 1965. This great play was adapted for the big screen in 1968, famously starring Jack Lemmon (as Felix Unger) and Walter Matthau (as Oscar Madison). The success of the play and the film gave rise to an excellent television sitcom that ran from 1970-1975, starring Tony Randall and Jack Klugman. In 1985, Neil Simon even went so far as to adapt the play for an all-female cast, renaming it “The Female Odd Couple”. I’d like to see that one …

46 Variety of pear : BOSC

Bosc is a cultivar of the European pear that is grown mainly in the northwest of the United States. It is named for French horticulturist Louis Bosc. The cultivar originated in Belgium or France in the early 19th century. The Bosc is that pear with a skin the color of a potato, with a long neck.

47 Stephen King or Ellery Queen : AUTHOR

Stephen King is a remarkably successful author. He has sold well over 350 million copies of his books, with many of them made into hit movies. I’ve tried reading two or three of the novels, and didn’t get too far. I really don’t do horror …

The Ellery Queen series of detective novels was somewhat unique in that Ellery Queen was the hero of the tales, and was also the pen name of the author. Actually, the “author” was a pair of writers; two cousins from Brooklyn, New York.

48 Space Invaders console : ATARI

Space Invaders is one of my favorite video games. It is truly a classic from the good old days (not that I play video games anymore). When Space Invaders was first released in video arcades in Japan in 1978, it was so popular that it caused a shortage of 100-yen coins.

50 Superb, on Broadway : BOFFO

“Boffo” (sometimes “boff”) is show biz slang for “very successful”, and is a term that dates back to the early sixties.

53 Novelist Ferber : EDNA

Edna Ferber was a novelist and playwright from Kalamazoo, Michigan. Ferber won a Pulitzer for her novel “So Big”, which was made into a film a few times, most famously in 1953 starring Jane Wyman. Ferber also wrote “Show Boat”, “Cimarron” and “Giant”, which were adapted successfully for the stage and/or big screen.

55 “General Hospital,” e.g. : SOAP

The daytime soap opera “General Hospital” is the longest-running such drama still in production in the US, and is second-longest running soap in the world. The first episode of “General Hospital” aired on April 1, 1963. The UK soap “Coronation Street” has been on TV since 9 December 1960.

56 Field unit : ACRE

At one time, an acre was defined as the amount of land a yoke of oxen could plow in a day. Then, an acre was more precisely defined as a strip of land “one furrow long” (i.e. one furlong) and one chain wide. The length of one furlong was equal to 10 chains, or 40 rods. An area of one furlong times 10 rods was one rood.

60 Comic Margaret : CHO

Margaret Cho is a very successful stand-up comedian, and she is also a fashion designer with her own line of clothing. Cho acts as well, and you might have seen her in the John Travolta/Nicolas Cage movie “Face/Off” in which she played John Travolta’s FBI colleague.

Complete List of Clues/Answers

Across

1 Home of Busch Gardens : TAMPA
6 Birthstone for many Libras : OPAL
10 React in astonishment : GASP
14 Sprinkle with holy water, say : BLESS
15 Antiquated “not” : NARY
16 Igor Stravinsky’s “Fair lady, gracious gentlemen,” e.g. : ARIA
17 With 26-Across, quote from 4-/60-Down : A BOY’S BEST FRIEND …
20 Inexperienced, as a recruit : RAW
21 Some tax shelters, for short : IRAS
22 Leather processing professional : TANNER
23 Pluto’s Egyptian counterpart : OSIRIS
25 Razz : TEASE
26 See 17-Across : … IS HIS MOTHER
29 Chanel perfume : COCO
30 Can’t live without : NEED
31 Fraternity letter : TAU
34 With 38-Across, star of 4-/60-Down : ANTHONY …
38 See 34-Across : … PERKINS
40 Loo : LAV
41 Hype : TOUT
43 Keen on : INTO
44 Main character in 4-/60-Down : NORMAN BATES
48 H.S. science class for ambitious students : AP BIO
51 Become too old to qualify : AGE OUT
52 Sound of a fife : TOOTLE
54 Winning the booby prize : LAST
55 ___ Tomé and Príncipe : SAO
58 Director of 4-/60-Down, which was released on 9/8/60 : ALFRED HITCHCOCK
61 Advantageous mtge. deal : REFI
62 Jack of all trades, master of ___ : NONE
63 Midwest air hub : O’HARE
64 ___-Z (classic Camaro) : IROC
65 Mimic : APER
66 Lassoed : ROPED

Down

1 Skier’s aid : T-BAR
2 Duchess of ___ (Goya subject) : ALBA
3 Ask for Friskies, maybe : MEOW
4 “Gangnam Style” performer : PSY
5 Pilgrimage destination in central Italy : ASSISI
6 Like macho push-ups : ONE-ARM
7 Ardor : PASSION
8 “Falsehood can hold out against much in this world, but not against ___”: Solzhenitsyn : ART
9 Uber alternative : LYFT
10 Somersaulting dive : GAINER
11 Sports venue : ARENA
12 Trigonometry’s law of ___ : SINES
13 San Diego player : PADRE
18 Rite with a mohel : BRIS
19 Like movies that are more adult than PG-13, maybe : RATED-R
23 “Pick me! Pick me! I know!” : OH! OH!
24 Part of the process : STEP
26 College in New Rochelle, N.Y. : IONA
27 1970s-’80s sketch comedy show : SCTV
28 ___-haw : HEE
29 Berkeley school, informally : CAL
31 Fork point : TINE
32 Unwelcome picnic guests : ANTS
33 Sponsor of many a Bob Hope show, in brief : USO
35 Peter with eight Oscar nominations (but no wins) : O’TOOLE
36 “… ___ a lender be” : NOR
37 City and county of Arizona : YUMA
39 Singer Eartha : KITT
42 Quotable bit on a movie poster : TAG LINE
44 ___ acid (aqua fortis) : NITRIC
45 Like Felix Unger vis-à-vis Oscar Madison : NEATER
46 Variety of pear : BOSC
47 Stephen King or Ellery Queen : AUTHOR
48 Space Invaders console : ATARI
49 One propelling a raft, maybe : POLER
50 Superb, on Broadway : BOFFO
53 Novelist Ferber : EDNA
55 “General Hospital,” e.g. : SOAP
56 Field unit : ACRE
57 Approved : OKED
59 Short flight : HOP
60 Comic Margaret : CHO

14 thoughts on “0908-20 NY Times Crossword 8 Sep 20, Tuesday”

  1. 12:20 Struggled a bit in the NW corner. I was thinking of “Friskies” as only dog food, my boyhood dog being named Frisky. The only Busch garden I could think of is in Vancouver BC – a bit north of here, but it’s really “Butchart Gardens” in Vancouver, so even more out in left field. But with the PA already filled in I “guessed TAMPA” and then got the MEOW..

  2. 10:01, no errors. This one flowed for me. As soon as I got ABOYSBESTFRIEND along with PSY, I knew we were working with Psycho. No real problem areas. I was only slowed down my my inability to type fast on my tablet. @Ron, I’ve been to Butchart Gardens. Beautiful place. And your dog story is hilarious.

  3. 13:27 late completion due to Trackwork Tuesday at the RR museum. Still have never seen Psycho, but somehow know the story. Guess I’ll have to put that on my “Things To Watch In Retirement” list

    @Jeff, where are you?

  4. 13:15. Out of practice, I think.

    Duncan – I went on an unplanned work trip to Houston. I then went on a whimsical trip to Mexico over Labor Day weekend. Just got back into the country 4 hours ago. I’ve been gone 8 nights now. Be back home Wed night.

    5 bucks to anyone who can recite the history of OSIRIS after one reading…

    What cool stories about HITCHCOCK and Bob Hope in the write up.

    Best –

  5. No errors.. About 10 minutes.. No real issues… Trying to remember if I’ve watched psycho from beginning to end in one sitting.. I remember parts.

    Now the Birds was a scary movie for me. I’ve watched that when it first came out. Whew!!

  6. 21:46 no errors…I’ve heard the term “gainer” before but never knew the meaning until now, thanks Bill.
    Psycho is one of my favorite movies of all time and I just learned that it premiered on my birthday in 1960.
    Still not a fan of 2 person puzzles.
    Stay safe😀
    Go Ravens😊😊

  7. 10:28, no errors. Caught onto the theme about 1/2 way down, after entering 17A, 26A and most of 34A & 38A. Funny how different people react to different movies. I had, essentially, no reaction the ‘The Birds’; but ‘PSYCHO’ totally freaked me out.

  8. I can’t speak with any authority at all…..but I think that for two-person puzzles it is typical for one to come up with the theme and the other to do all of the fill around the theme.

    I got ALFRED HITCHCOCK early so knew what to expect afterwards. Hitchcock had a bizarre mind. He could suck his viewers into his stories but his endings would most often leave one agitated and still seeking resolution. He “played” with the audience’s mind. I’m one of his victims. I don’t like him but still watch him.

  9. There was once a limited animal/plant tour area at the
    Anheuser-Busch brewery in Van Nuys Ca. I understand it
    has been removed.

  10. Butchart Gardens is in Victoria, the capital city of British Columbia, and is on Vancouver Island. Vancouver is the biggest city in the province, so will be more top of mind for non-Canadians. Both beginning with V doesn’t help, eh?
    Eh, just my little joke. Never, well almost never, say eh. Want to take it back when I do.

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