0418-19 NY Times Crossword 18 Apr 19, Thursday

Constructed by: Alex Eaton-Salners
Edited by: Will Shortz

Today’s Reveal Answer: Butterfly

Themed answers are stages in the metamorphosis of a BUTTERFLY. And, by connecting the circled letters in the right order, we create an outline of a BUTTERFLY in the grid:

  • 23A Image formed by connecting this puzzle’s circled letters from A to N and then back to A : BUTTERFLY
  • 51A Where a 17-Down becomes a 23-Across : CHRYSALIS
  • 17D One that becomes a 51-Across : CATERPILLAR

Read on, or jump to …
… a complete list of answers

Bill’s time: 8m 08s

Bill’s errors: 0

Today’s Wiki-est Amazonian Googlies

Across

8 Bloviating type : GASBAG

“To bloviate” is such a descriptive verb, one meaning “to discourse pompously”. “Bloviate” is mock-Latin and derived from “blow”.

16 Global scare : PANDEMIC

A pandemic is an outbreak of a disease over a large area, such as a whole country or perhaps even the whole world.

22 King’s College of Our Lady of ___ Beside Windsor : ETON

Eton College near Windsor in the south of England was founded way back in 1440 by King Henry VI. Originally known as “The King’s College of Our Lady of Eton besides Wyndsor”, the school was intended to provided free education to poor boys. Free education today at Eton? Not so much …

27 Lust, but not love : SIN

The cardinal sins of Christian ethics are also known as the seven deadly sins. The seven deadly sins are:

  • Wrath
  • Greed
  • Sloth
  • Pride
  • Lust
  • Envy
  • Gluttony

28 Sportscaster in the documentary “Telling It Like It Is” : COSELL

Howard Cosell was one of the most popular of all sports journalists. With his high profile came a lot of controversy as Cosell wasn’t afraid to express his personal opinions. For example, he came out against professional boxing in 1982 after witnessing a one-sided fight between Larry Holmes and Tex Cobb. Two weeks earlier South Korean boxer Duk Koo Kim had died after a match against Ray Mancini.

29 Ref. work begun by the London Philological Society : OED

Work started on what was to become the first “Oxford English Dictionary” (OED) in 1857. Several interim versions of the dictionary were published in the coming years with the first full version appearing, in ten bound volumes, in 1928. The second edition of the OED appeared in 1989 and is made up of twenty volumes. The OED was first published in electronic form in 1988 and went online in 2000. Given the modern use of computers, the publishing house responsible feels that there will never be a third print version of the famous dictionary.

32 Pool parties? : STENOS

Stenography is the process of writing in shorthand. The term comes from the Greek “steno” (narrow) and “graphe” (writing).

35 Modern line at an airport : UBERS

The rideshare service Uber takes its name from the English colloquial word “uber” meaning “super, topmost”, which in turn comes from the German “über” meaning “above”.

41 French bakery offering : GATEAU

In French, a “gâteau” is a “cake”.

45 Major seller of health supplements : GNC

General Nutrition Centers (GNC) is a retailer of health and nutrition supplements based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The company was founded in 1935 as a small health food store in downtown Pittsburgh. There are now about 5,000 stores in the US. The GNC slogan is “Live Well”.

46 Peace in the Middle East : SALAAM

The word “salaam” is an Anglicized spelling of the Arabic word for “peace”. The term can describe an act of deference, and in particular a very low bow.

48 Keepers of the records? : DJS

The world’s first radio disc jockey (DJ) was one Ray Newby of Stockton, California who made his debut broadcast in 1909, would you believe? When he was 16 years old and a student, Newby started to play his records on a primitive radio located in the Herrold College of Engineering and Wireless in San Jose. The records played back then were mostly recordings of Enrico Caruso.

55 Branch of yoga : HATHA

Hatha yoga is a yoga system developed in 15th century India. Traditional Hatha yoga is a more “complete” practice than often encountered in the west, involving not just exercise but also meditation and relaxation. “Hatha” is a Sanskrit word meaning “force”.

56 French bakery offering : ECLAIR

The name for the pastry known as an “éclair” is clearly French in origin. The French word for lightning is “éclair”, but no one seems to be too sure how it came to be used for the rather delicious bakery item.

58 Diamond pattern : ARGYLE

The argyle pattern is based on the Campbell tartan. The Campbell clan is based in the Argyll region (note the spelling) in the west of Scotland, giving the Argyle pattern its name.

64 People whose political views are “Communist lite” : PINKOES

The term “pinko” came to us courtesy of “Time” magazine in 1925. Back then, “pinko” was used to describe those who were politically left of center. Red was the color associated with the left going back to the 1800s (how times have changed!), and “pink” was assigned to people who were not aligned with the left politically, but had left-leaning tendencies.

65 Anago, at a Japanese restaurant : SEA EEL

“Unagi” is the Japanese name for freshwater eel, and “anago” is the name for saltwater eel.

Down

2 “Forward!,” in Florence : AVANTI

Florence is the capital city of the Tuscany region in Italy. Something from or related to Florence is described as “Florentine”. The city is known as “Firenze” in Italian.

5 Port north of the Horn of Africa : ADEN

Aden is a seaport in Yemen that is located on the Gulf of Aden by the eastern approach to the Red Sea. Aden has a long history of British rule, from 1838 until a very messy withdrawal in 1967. A native of Aden is known as an Adeni. Some believe that Cain and Abel are buried in the city.

The Horn of Africa is that horn-shaped peninsula at the easternmost tip of the continent, containing the countries Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia as well as Somalia. The Horn of Africa is also known as the Somali Peninsula.

6 Hand-held console introduced in 1989 : GAME BOY

The Game Boy is a hugely successful handheld video game player that was released in 1989 by Nintendo. I remember that my my kids were so eager to get hold of the devices when they first came out that I bought a couple of them in a Japanese railroad station, while over there on a business trip.

7 Teacher of Samuel : ELI

In the Bible, Eli is a High Priest of Shiloh and the teacher of Samuel. As such, his story is told in the Book of Samuel. Eli had two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, both of whom are described as wicked. As a result of their wayward lifestyle, it is prophesied that all of Eli’s male descendents will die before reaching old age.

8 John and Mark, for two : GOSPELS

“Gospel” is a term that came to us via Old English. The Old English term is “godspel” meaning “good story”, and referred to the glad tidings announced by Jesus. There are four Gospels in the Christian New Testament: the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.

10 Wolf (down) : SNARF

To snarf down is to gobble up, to eat voraciously. “Snarf” is a slang term that is probably related to “scarf”, which has the same meaning.

11 It’s always cut short : BOB

A bob cut is a short hairstyle in which the hair is cut straight around the head, at about the line of the jaw. Back in the 1570s, “bob” was the name given to a horse’s tail that was cut short, and about a century later it was being used to describe short hair on humans. The style became very popular with women in the early 1900s (as worn by actress Clara Bow, for example), with the fashion dying out in the thirties. The style reemerged in the sixties around the time the Beatles introduced their “mop tops”, with Vidal Sassoon leading the way in styling women’s hair in a bob cut again. Personally, I like it …

12 Part of NATO: Abbr. : ATL

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is an international military alliance that was established in 1949. NATO headquarters was initially set up in London, moved to Paris in 1952, and then to Brussels 1967.

21 Home of the Rams before 2016: Abbr. : STL

The Los Angeles Rams are the only franchise to have won NFL championships in three different cities, i.e. Cleveland (1945), Los Angeles (1951) and St. Louis (1999). The Rams were based in Cleveland from 1936 to 1945, in Los Angeles from 1946 to 1994, in St. Louis from 1995 to 2015, and returned to Los Angeles in 2016.

26 Michelle of “Crazy Rich Asians” : YEOH

Michelle Yeoh is an actress from Malaysia who appeared in several Hong Kong action films in which she did her own stunts and martial arts scenes. Her most famous action performance was in the 2000 movie “Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon”, although I best know her for playing opposite Pierce Brosnan in the Bond film “Tomorrow Never Dies”.

28 Spanish word repeated in a welcoming phrase : CASA

“Mi casa es su casa” translates from Spanish as “My home is your home”.

30 Something to fall back from: Abbr. : DST

On the other side of the Atlantic, daylight saving time (DST) is known as “summer time”. The idea behind summer/daylight-savings is to move clocks forward an hour in spring (“spring forward”), and backwards in the fall (“fall back”) so that afternoons have more daylight. Here in the US, DST starts on the second Sunday of March, and ends on the the first Sunday of November.

31 ___✔ (traveler’s convenience) : PRE

That would be TSA PreCheck.

34 A in German 101? : EIN

The definite article in German is der, die or das, for masculine, feminine and neuter nouns. The indefinite article is ein, eine or ein, again depending on the gender of the noun. A further complication, relative to English, is that the masculine form (and only the masculine form) of the article changes when used in the accusative case, when used with the object of a sentence. The accusative forms are “den” and “einen”.

35 Boot brand from Australia : UGG

Uggs are sheepskin boots that were first produced in Australia and New Zealand. The original Uggs have sheepskin fleece on the inside for comfort and insulation, with a tanned leather surface on the outside for durability. “Ugg” is a generic term Down Under, although it’s a brand name here in the US.

36 En ___ (with all of a court’s judges) : BANC

“En banc” is a French term, translating as “on a bench”. It refers to the cases in which all the judges of a court hear a case, as opposed to a case heard just by a panel, a subset of the full complement. The phrase is sometimes written as “in banc” in the US.

39 Smoothie flavor : ACAI

Açaí (pronounced “ass-aye-ee”) is a palm tree native to Central and South America. The fruit has become very popular in recent years and its juice is a very fashionable addition to juice mixes and smoothies.

42 Its N.Y.S.E. ticker symbol is “X” : US STEEL

US Steel was founded in 1901 with a merger of Carnegie Steel, Federal Steel and National Steel. The resulting company immediately became the world’s first billion-dollar corporation. US Steel reorganized in 1986 and changed its name to USX Corporation, but reverted to the US Steel name in 2001. I think I’m right in saying that the USX name was chosen because US Steel is traded under the symbol “X” on the New York Stock Exchange …

49 Like Nelson Mandela for 27 years : JAILED

As a young man, Nelson Mandela led the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC). Mandela was eventually arrested and admitted to charges of sabotage and was sentenced to life in prison in 1964. He remained behind bars for 27 years, mainly in the infamous prison on Robben Island. As the years progressed, Mandela became a symbol of the fight against apartheid. He was released in 1990, and immediately declared his commitment to peace and reconciliation with South Africa’s white minority population. Mandela was elected president of the Republic of South Africa (RSA) in 1994, an office that he held until 1999. Nelson Mandela passed away on December 5, 2013.

52 Pay for play : RHYME

53 Bulldog : YALIE

The Yale Bulldogs are the athletic teams of Yale University. The Yale school mascot is “Handsome Dan”, the Yale bulldog. The Bulldogs’ logo features a bulldog in front of a letter Y.

57 Euro division : CENT

The euro is divided in 100 cents, sometimes referred to as “euro cents”. Some countries within the European Union (Ireland, for example) have taken steps to withdraw the 1-cent and 2-cent coins from circulation by allowing cash transactions to be rounded to the nearest five cents. I found it a little odd when buying something in Ireland recently that was priced at 99 cents, and getting no change after handing over a euro coin …

58 Married couple? : ARS

There are a couple of letters R (ars) in the word “married”.

59 Sushi garnish : ROE

Sushi is a Japanese dish that has as its primary ingredient cooked, vinegared rice. The rice is usually topped with something, most often fish, and can be served in seaweed rolls. If we want raw fish by itself, then we have to order sashimi.

60 Indian state whose largest city is Vasco da Gama : GOA

Goa is the smallest state in India, and is located in the southwest of the country. The Portuguese landed in Goa in the early 1500s, at first peacefully carrying out trade, but then took the area by force creating Portuguese India. Portugal held onto Portuguese India even after the British pulled out of India in 1947, until the Indian Army marched into the area in 1961.

62 Lead-in to center : EPI-

The epicenter is that point on the surface of the earth that is directly above the focus of an earthquake.

Complete List of Clues/Answers

Across

1 Head on a plate? : CABBAGE
8 Bloviating type : GASBAG
14 Egg-shaped : OVOIDAL
15 Worth mentioning : OF NOTE
16 Global scare : PANDEMIC
18 Place to go off track? : STABLE
19 Speak at a level pitch : INTONE
20 In accordance with : AS PER
22 King’s College of Our Lady of ___ Beside Windsor : ETON
23 Image formed by connecting this puzzle’s circled letters from A to N and then back to A : BUTTERFLY
27 Lust, but not love : SIN
28 Sportscaster in the documentary “Telling It Like It Is” : COSELL
29 Ref. work begun by the London Philological Society : OED
31 One taking care of the bill : PAYER
32 Pool parties? : STENOS
35 Modern line at an airport : UBERS
38 Towel provider, often : SPA
40 “You got it!” : RIGHT!
41 French bakery offering : GATEAU
43 Strand during a ski trip, say : ICE IN
45 Major seller of health supplements : GNC
46 Peace in the Middle East : SALAAM
48 Keepers of the records? : DJS
51 Where a 17-Down becomes a 23-Across : CHRYSALIS
54 Same-sex union? : FRAT
55 Branch of yoga : HATHA
56 French bakery offering : ECLAIR
58 Diamond pattern : ARGYLE
61 Chief in the Creek War of 1813-14 : RED EAGLE
63 Dormmate : ROOMIE
64 People whose political views are “Communist lite” : PINKOES
65 Anago, at a Japanese restaurant : SEA EEL
66 Has in mind : INTENDS

Down

1 Duplicates : COPIES
2 “Forward!,” in Florence : AVANTI
3 Fashionable society : BON TON
4 Raise one’s hand for, say : BID ON
5 Port north of the Horn of Africa : ADEN
6 Hand-held console introduced in 1989 : GAME BOY
7 Teacher of Samuel : ELI
8 John and Mark, for two : GOSPELS
9 Following : AFTER
10 Wolf (down) : SNARF
11 It’s always cut short : BOB
12 Part of NATO: Abbr. : ATL
13 Thousand bucks : GEE
17 One that becomes a 51-Across : CATERPILLAR
21 Home of the Rams before 2016: Abbr. : STL
24 Paper clips have lots of them : USES
25 Past the baseline, in tennis : LONG
26 Michelle of “Crazy Rich Asians” : YEOH
28 Spanish word repeated in a welcoming phrase : CASA
30 Something to fall back from: Abbr. : DST
31 ___✔ (traveler’s convenience) : PRE
33 In good shape : TRIM
34 A in German 101? : EIN
35 Boot brand from Australia : UGG
36 En ___ (with all of a court’s judges) : BANC
37 Engrave : ETCH
39 Smoothie flavor : ACAI
42 Its N.Y.S.E. ticker symbol is “X” : US STEEL
44 Entered carefully : EASED IN
47 Comment from a hot bath : AAH!
48 Sight in a Chinese parade : DRAGON
49 Like Nelson Mandela for 27 years : JAILED
50 Underline, say : STRESS
52 Pay for play : RHYME
53 Bulldog : YALIE
54 Fail to show up as expected : FLAKE
57 Euro division : CENT
58 Married couple? : ARS
59 Sushi garnish : ROE
60 Indian state whose largest city is Vasco da Gama : GOA
62 Lead-in to center : EPI-

3 thoughts on “0418-19 NY Times Crossword 18 Apr 19, Thursday”

  1. @Bill … I just noticed that, in the drawing of the butterfly’s outline in the grid above, the “D” in the upper left has been missed.

  2. 25:49. I didn’t notice that the circled letters were in alphabetical order, or I might have finished some areas more quickly. I’ve never heard of PREcheck referred to as PRE and I’m in those lines regularly.

    Best –

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